Civil Engineering sub disciplines

Structural engineering is what most people think of when talking about civil engineering. It includes the building of skyscrapers, bridges, and other structures.Happy Valentines’ Day, everyone!! At the same time, Happy Single’s Awareness Day! Doesn’t matter if you are in a relationship or not, I hope you enjoy whichever one applies to you.

As you guys know, I have been involved with the internship and co-op process for the last few weeks. I was supposed to have my KCI interview this morning but unfortunately, the snow caused a 2 hour delayed on campus so I had to reschedule the interview.

One question that frequently pops up is: what do you want to do?

As a new player on the field, I don’t necessarily know what I want to do. I don’t even know everything about the sub-disciplines within civil engineering! I figure along side with the internship / application tips, I’ll be posting information about each civil engineering discipline. In this post, I’ll have a quick summary about all the different sub-disciplines I can find. In the future, I’ll be posting more detailed summary of each one. Of course, this list is not perfect and there are many other sub-disciplines within civil engineering that I must have missed – however, I hope you guys can enjoy this list!

Structural Engineering

Structural engineering is probably what most people think of when mentioned of civil engineering. Building skyscrapers or bridges is all under structural engineering. According to Wikipedia – “structural engineering is a field of engineering dealing with the analysis and design of structures that support or resist loads” (Structural engineering).

Coastal engineering traditionally focuses on flood protection and soil erosion.Structural engineering dates back thousands of years. The Great Pyramids of Giza from ancient Egypt, Taj Mahal from the Mughal Empire, the Anji Bridge from Sui Dynasty China are all examples of structural engineering. For a long time, the term architect and engineer simply refers to structural engineer – of course this was before the rise of computational technologies and chemical processes that made other disciplines such as electrical and chemical engineering possible.

Environmental Engineering

This discipline refers to a sub-discipline within civil engineering to improve the natural environment. This field includes waste water management, air quality control, recycling, waste disposal, environmental sustainability, and many other public health issues. Environmental engineers study the effects of technological advances on the environment.

Geotechnical Engineering

This branch of civil engineering is concerned with earth materials. Geotechnical engineering is very important and is employed by

Tunnels, underwater pipelines, and site design all fall under geotechnical engineering. Water resources engineering is concerned with the health of water which is being delivered to the public.

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